Wetland Delineation

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Wetland Delineation

This week we performed a wetland delineation in Whitley County, Kentucky to fulfill requirements under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act.

The wetland delineation in Whitley County, Kentucky was conducted by BSC personnel in support of the requirements of Section 404 of the Clean Water Act (CWA). Field surveys for the following determination were conducted in accordance with the 1987 United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Wetlands Delineation Manual (USACE, 1987) and the Final Regional Supplement for the Piedmont and Eastern Mountains Region (USACE, 2012).

According to USACE “This Regional Supplement is part of a nationwide effort to address regional wetland characteristics and improve the accuracy and efficiency of wetland delineation procedures. Regional differences in climate, geology, soils,hydrology, plant and animal communities, and other factors are important to the identification and functioning of wetlands. The regional supplement was finalized in 2012 and covers all or portions of the District of Columbia and 20 states: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia” (USACE 2012).

The determination within our report is subject to review and approval by the Nashville District of the USACE. As requested by the Nashville District USACE only the area within the vicinity of the proposed work was evaluated for the wetland delineation. As indicated in our report there was a small area that appeared to meet the soils, hydrology, and vegetation characteristics for wetlands as defined by USACE. See more of our services here.

Contact us today or request a quote.

References:

United States Army Corps of Engineers. 1987. Corps of Engineers Wetlands Delineation Manual. Technical Report Y-87-1, Department of the Army, Waterways Experiment Station.

United States Army Corps of Engineers. 2012. Final Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual: Eastern Mountains and Piedmont Region, ed. J.S. Wakeley, R.W. Lichvar, and C.V. Noble. ERDC/EL TR 10-XX. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center.

 

Wetland Delineation Kentucky
Wetland Delineation Area (in Background)

Bat Habitat Assessment & Mist Netting

Kentucky Bat Survey

Bat Habitat Assessment & Mist Netting

One of our Section 7 ESA services included this bat habitat assessment and mist netting project for a planned resource extraction site, mist netting was employed following the 2016 Range Wide Indiana Bat Summer Survey Guidelines. Prior to sampling a summer and winter habitat assessment was performed. In Harlan County, Kentucky an approximately 300 acre tract of land was surveyed and clearance was recommended due to no captures of Threatened or Endangered species. Biological Systems Consultants’ bat survey team is equipped to take on all of your bat survey needs. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys for the endangered Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis), threatened Northern Long Eared Bat (Myotis septentrionalis) and other bats throughout much of their range, and has extensive experience with habitat assessments, summer and fall mist-net surveys and mine portal surveys, and acoustic monitoring and analysis. If you have any questions about your Section 7 ESA compliance or the new 4(d) rule issued for the Northern Long Eared bat, or have been requested to address bats on your project for any reason, please give us a call and we will be happy to walk you through the process and take care of all your bat survey needs. Contact us or request a quote today.

See additional services here.

Bat Habitat Assessment & Mist Netting
Mist Net Station
Bat Habitat Assessment & Mist Netting
Mist Net Station

Bat Facts: The Indiana bat(Myotis sodalis) was originally listed as being in danger of extinction under the  Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966 (32 FR 4001, March 11, 1967), and is currently listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973, as amended. Their scientific name, myotis sodalis, means “mouse ears” (myotis) and “companion” (sodalis). They feed on small insects and have a typical lifespan of 14 years. After hibernation, Indiana bats move toward hardwood forests, where the females will congregate together under the loose bark of trees for their babies, and the males will roost by themselves.

 

Section 7 ESA Consultation

Section 7 ESA consultation is required for projects to identify whether any proposed or listed species are located within a given area of a proposed action. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) requires project review information to meet the requirements of Section 7(c) of the Endangered Species Act (EA) of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). Potential direct, indirect, and cumulative effects to federally lusted species or their critical habitat must be considered during the evaluation. Migratory birds  must also be considered during these evaluations under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) and the Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGEPA). Non-federal type projects are not subject to Section 7, however, Section 9 of the Act may prohibit certain activities that may affect federally listed species. For an evaluation and consultation of your project please contact us or request a quote today. See additional services here.

Biological Assessment Using Drone (UAV, sUAS). Wetland and Stream Delineation.
Drone ESA Assessment Section 7

 

According to the USFWS website (www.fws.gov) the following provides a brief description of Section 7 ESA Consultation for informal and formal consultations:

Informal Section 7 ESA Consultation

Under Section 7, Federal agencies must consult with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) when any action the agency carries out, funds, or authorizes (such as through a permit) may affect a listed endangered or threatened species. This process usually begins as informal consultation. A Federal agency, in the early stages of project planning, approaches the Service and requests informal consultation. Discussions between the two agencies may include what types of listed species may occur in the proposed action area, and what effect the proposed action may have on those species.

If the Federal agency, after discussions with the Service, determines that the proposed action is not likely to affect any listed species in the project area, and if the Service concurs, the informal consultation is complete and the proposed project moves ahead. If it appears that the agency’s action may affect a listed species, that agency may then prepare a biological assessment to assist in its determination of the project’s effect on a species.

 Formal Section 7 ESA Consultation and the Biological Opinion

When a Federal agency determines, through a biological assessment or other review, that its action is likely to adversely affect a listed species, the agency submits to the Service a request for formal consultation. During formal consultation, the Service and the agency share information about the proposed project and the species likely to be affected. Formal consultation may last up to 90 days, after which the Service will prepare a biological opinion on whether the proposed activity will jeopardize the continued existence of a listed species. The Service has 45 days after completion of formal consultation to write the opinion.

In making a determination on whether an action will result in jeopardy, the Service begins by looking at the current status of the species, or “baseline.” Added to the baseline are the various effects – direct, indirect, interrelated, and interdependent – of the proposed Federal action. The Service also examines the cumulative effects of other non-Federal actions that may occur in the action area, including state, tribal, local, or private activities that are reasonably certain to occur in the project area.

West Virginia Selenium Fish Tissue

West Virginia Selenium Fish Tissue

Biological Systems Consultants’ West Virginia Selenium Fish Tissue survey and NPDES compliance team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs. Recent developments in NPDES compliance include West Virginia’s 2016 revised criterion which employs water column and fish concentrations for compliance. West Virginia Selenium Fish Tissue will compliance include bioaccumulation factors which will be applied to determine water column concentrations. Collection in lakes are collected by gill nets, hook and line, or electroshocking methods according to U.S. EPA Fish Field and Laboratory Methods for Evaluating the Biological Integrity of Surface Waters. Collection in streams will be collected by standard electroshocking methods according to U.S. EPA Fish Field and Laboratory Methods for Evaluating the Biological Integrity of Surface Waters. West Virginia Selenium Fish Tissue sampling will likely be conducted before NPDES are issued and may occur throughout the lifetime of these permits. NPDES permit projects are complicated in nature and have many different project requirements. Finally, our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states and is prepared for each project by focusing on NPDES compliance.

Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling frequencies are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants following local and federal guidelines. Following the standard operating procedures (SOP) for selenium fish tissue sampling set forth by local regulatory authority we maintain scientific collectors permits. Hence, this allows BSC to provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocols and helping comply with the project specific requirements mandated by the local and federal laws.

In conclusion, if you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason feel free to Contact us or request a quote today. Our fish tissue collection team strives to be cost effective and project oriented to ensure our clients receive the attention they need for each project. We will get your samples collected and analyzed in a timely and cost effective manner. See additional services here.

West Virginia Selenium Fish Tissue
Selenium Fish Tissue

Selenium Fish Tissue Testing

Selenium Fish Tissue Testing collections are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with NPDES/KPDES permits issued by the Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) or the EPA. Following the standard operating procedures (SOP) for selenium fish tissue sampling set forth by KDOW/EPA we maintain scientific collectors permits and provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocol. These are very time sensitive events so keep this in mind as soon as you find out you need a sampling event conducted. We collect samples and deliver to labs that are approved to run the EPA Method 200.8 sample methodology. We strive to collect and get samples analyzed by the lab in a cost effective and timely manner.

Many NPDES Permits now contain a Selenium Fish Tissue sampling trigger for collection of fish and application of EPA Method 200.8. This method identifies the amount of Selenium accumulated in the tissue of certain fish species. This methodology is outlined in the Methods for the Collection of Selenium Residue in Fish Tissue Used to Determine KPDES Permit Compliance SOP manual published by the Commonwealth of Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet, Department for Environmental Protection, Division of Water (KDOW, 2014).

Biological Systems Consultants’ selenium fish tissue survey and NPDES compliance team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states. If you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today. Our fish tissue collection team strives to be cost effective and project oriented to ensure our clients receive the attention they need for each project. This often entails following on-site safety protocols beyond that required by the State or Federal Regulations. NPDES permit projects are complicated in nature and have many different project requirements. Our NPDES staff can help with any project.

See additional services here.

Selenium Fish Tissue
Fish Tissue Sampling Collection

Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling

Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling frequencies are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with NPDES/KPDES permits issued by the Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) or the EPA. Following the standard operating procedures (SOP) for selenium fish tissue sampling set forth by KDOW/EPA we maintain scientific collectors permits and provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocol. These are very time sensitive events so keep this in mind as soon as you find out you need a sampling event conducted.

Many NPDES Permits now contain a Selenium Fish Tissue sampling trigger for collection of fish and application of EPA Method 200.8. This method identifies the amount of Selenium accumulated in the tissue of certain fish species. This methodology is outlined in the Methods for the Collection of Selenium Residue in Fish Tissue Used to Determine KPDES Permit Compliance SOP manual published by the Commonwealth of Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet, Department for Environmental Protection, Division of Water (KDOW, 2014).

Biological Systems Consultants’ selenium fish tissue survey and NPDES compliance team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states. If you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today. Our fish tissue collection team strives to be cost effective and project oriented to ensure our clients receive the attention they need for each project. This often entails following on-site safety protocols beyond that required by the State or Federal Regulations. NPDES permit projects are complicated in nature and have many different project requirements. Our NPDES staff can help with any project. See additional services here.

Selenium Fish Tissue
Fish Tissue Sampling Collection

Phase I Archaeology – Clay County, Kentucky

Phase I Archaeology
Historic Headstone

Phase I Archaeology

This Phase I Archaeology project purpose was to identify any archaeological resources within the project area and assess their potential eligibility for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). As a result of the investigation, one historic/modern cemetery was documented. It was located atop of a toeslope near about 600 feet AMSL. The site encompassed approximately 1000 square meters and is about 200m south of the head of a tributary that drains Franks Creek. The entire cemetery is maintained and surrounded by a chain-link fence. The cemetery contained 13 graves, all of which were oriented north-south. Of the 13 graves, 9 were either marked by plain stone, or the writing was worn away and no longer visible. The other headstones contained legible information such as dates of birth and names. 4 of the graves were considered modern, with death dates ranging from   1971-2002. It is likely that graves marked with plain or illegible headstones are historic in age.

By placing a 100 foot buffer zone around the cemetery avoidance of the site was possible and no further work was recommended for this project. No additional sites were located during this survey. Contact us or request a quote today. See additional services here.

Kentucky Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling Frequency

Selenium Fish Tissue
Selenium Fish Tissue
Fish Tissue Sampling

Selenium Fish Tissue Collection frequencies are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with NPDES/KPDES permits issued by the Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) or the EPA. BSC staff maintain scientific collectors permits and provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocol. These are very time sensitive events so keep this in mind as soon as you find out you need a sampling event conducted.

Biological Systems Consultants’ selenium fish tissue survey team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs for this type of project. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states. If you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today. The SOP for collection in Kentucky can be found at this link SOP Selenium Fish Tissue KDOW 2014. See additional services here.

Phase I Archaeological Survey – Kentucky

Phase I Rockoverhang
Phase I Survey – Rockoverhang
Phase I Survey Southeast Archaeology
Jesse Robinson Shovel Testing Ridgeline

During this 300 acre Phase I investigation we shovel tested and performed pedestrian reconnaissance looking for historic and prehistoric archaeological sites, and if found, evaluate whether or not the cultural material may be eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. No sites were identified during this investigation.

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment

KY PHASE I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA)

Phase I ESA projects are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with ASTM-13 and AAI standards during commercial property transactions.  BSC staff  provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target issues that may be identified as recognizable environmental conditions during these assessments.   In conclusion, our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct these projects. If you have any questions about your ESA compliance or have been requested to address a Phase I ESA on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today. See additional services here.

KY Phase I Environmental Site Assessment
Property Location Map

Selenium Fish Tissue Kentucky

Selenium Fish Tissue Kentucky

Selenium Fish Tissue Collection frequencies are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with NPDES/KPDES permits issued by the Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) or the EPA. BSC staff maintain scientific collectors permits and provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocol. These are very time sensitive events so keep this in mind as soon as you find out you need a sampling event conducted.

Biological Systems Consultants’ selenium fish tissue survey team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs for this type of project. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states. If you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today. The SOP for collection in Kentucky can be found at this link SOP Selenium Fish Tissue KDOW 2014.  More about this service here or see additional services here.

Selenium Fish Tissue Kentucky
Creek Chub Species

Kentucky Stream Restoration

Kentucky Stream Restoration

Stream mitigation including stream restoration design and construction monitoring services. Whether it is a baseline study or full stream restoration design plan our team regularly performs these tasks to help our clients meet their project goals. Using Rosgen and standard survey trained stream restoration specialists, Biological Systems Consultants provides their clients with longitudinal profiles, profile and dimension information (plan-views, cross-sections), pebble counts, and complete Rosgen stream assessments. Using existing stream conditions or reference streams, Biological Systems Consultants provides detailed stream channel information for these types of projects. See additional services here.

Stream Restoration
Stream Restoration Site

Stream Restoration Kentucky

Stream Restoration Kentucky

This stream restoration in Harlan County, Kentucky was completely restored post-mining and has now been restored to its natural profile, pattern, and dimension using natural stream design techniques. Biological Systems Consultants has been monitoring this site for four years and is planning to request mitigation release of liability after this year because the permittee has met the conditions of the permit. Contact us or request a quote today. See additional services here.

Kentucky Stream Restoration and Mitigation
Stream Restoration Site

KY Selenium Fish Tissue Collection

KY Selenium Fish Tissue Collection

Selenium Fish Tissue Collection frequencies are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with NPDES/KPDES permits issued by the Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) or the EPA. BSC staff maintain scientific collectors permits and provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocol. These are very time sensitive events so keep this in mind as soon as you find out you need a sampling event conducted.

Biological Systems Consultants’ selenium fish tissue survey team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs for this type of project. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states. If you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today. The SOP for collection in Kentucky can be found at this link SOP Selenium Fish Tissue KDOW 2014. Read more about this service here or see additional services here.

Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling
Creek Chub – Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling for EPA Method 200.8

 

KY Stream Restoration

KY Stream Restoration

Stream restoration design and monitoring at this site in Whitley County, Kentucky has resulted in an increase in aquatic resources across the watershed. Macroinvertebrate communities have been re-established and the riparian zones have been replanted with trees and shrubs that are native the Kentucky. The stream channels were also reshaped to provide the channel access to a flood plain and reduce incision. Contact us or request a quote today. See additional services here.

KY Stream Restoration Plan
Stream Restoration
KY Stream Restoration
Stream Restoration

KY Selenium Fish Tissue

KY Selenium Fish Tissue

Selenium Fish Tissue Sampling frequencies are conducted by Biological Systems Consultants to help our clients comply with NPDES/KPDES permits issued by the Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) or the EPA. Following the standard operating procedures (SOP) for selenium fish tissue sampling set forth by KDOW we maintain scientific collectors permits and provide field personnel with extensive experience identifying the target species as required by the protocol. These are very time sensitive events so keep this in mind as soon as you find out you need a sampling event conducted.

Biological Systems Consultants’ selenium fish tissue survey team is equipped to take on all of your NPDES compliance needs for this type of project. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys in multiple states. If you have any questions about your Section 402 NPDES Selenium Fish compliance or have been requested to address selenium fish tissue sampling on your project for any reason Contact us or request a quote today.

Many NPDES Permits now contain a Selenium Fish Tissue sampling trigger for collection of fish and application of EPA Method 200.8. This method identifies the amount of Selenium accumulated in the tissue of certain fish species. This methodology is outlined in the Methods for the Collection of Selenium Residue in Fish Tissue Used to Determine KPDES Permit Compliance SOP manual published by the Commonwealth of Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet, Department for Environmental Protection, Division of Water (KDOW, 2014). Read more or see additional services here.

Selenium Fish Tissue
Lepomis spp. Selenium Fish Tissue Sample

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Surveys

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Collection and Analysis

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Surveys

Benthic macroinvertebrate surveys and analysis is provided by our team of aquatic entomologists and biologists. Biological Systems Consultants’ macroinvertebrate survey team is equipped to take on all of your aquatic survey needs. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys for the. If you have any questions about your biological monitoring compliance needs or programs, please give us a call and we will be happy to walk you through the process and take care of all your benthic macroinvertebrate survey needs. Contact us or request a quote today. See additional services here.

 

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Survey Collection Analysis
Benthic Macroinvertebrates

Kentucky Bat Survey

Kentucky Bat Survey

During this bat survey for a planned resource extraction site (surface and underground highwall/auger coal mining) mist net and acoustic sampling was employed. Prior to sampling a summer and winter habitat assessment was performed to identify the amount of and potential for habitat presence. The Kentucky Bat Survey (Whitley County) was performed on an approximately 120 acre tract of land was surveyed and clearance was recommended due to no captures of Threatened or Endangered species. Biological Systems Consultants’ bat survey team is equipped to take on all of your bat survey needs. Our staff is fully permitted and qualified to conduct surveys for the endangered Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis), threatened Northern Long Eared Bat (Myotis septentrionalis), and endangered Gray Bat (Myotis grisescens) throughout much of their range, and has extensive experience with habitat assessments, summer and fall mist-net surveys and mine portal surveys, and acoustic monitoring and analysis. If you have any questions about your Section 7 ESA compliance or the new 4(d) rule issued for the Northern Long Eared bat, or have been requested to address bats on your project for any reason, please give us a call and we will be happy to walk you through the process and take care of all your bat survey needs. Contact us or request a quote today.  See additional services here or read more about this topic here.

Kentucky Bat Survey Mist Net
Mist Net Site
Kentucky Bat Survey
Bat Survey Station
Kentucky Bat Survey
Mist Net Site

 

Northern Long-eared Bat Facts: According to the USFWS website the following paragraphs describe potential summer and winter habitat for this species:

Winter Habitat: Northern long-eared bats spend winter hibernating in caves and mines, called hibernacula.  They use areas in various sized caves or mines with constant temperatures, high humidity, and no air currents.  Within hibernacula, surveyors find them hibernating most often in small crevices or cracks, often with only the nose and ears visible.

Summer Habitat: During the summer, northern long-eared bats roost singly or in colonies underneath bark, in cavities or in crevices of both live trees and snags (dead trees).  Males and non-reproductive females may also roost in cooler places, like caves and mines.  Northern long-eared bats seem to be flexible in selecting roosts, choosing roost trees based on suitability to retain bark or provide cavities or crevices.  This bat has also been found rarely roosting in structures, like barns and sheds.